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What Does Withdrawal Agreement Mean

On 15 November 2018, one day after the british government cabinet presented and supported the agreement, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Leaving the European Union. [28] The UK Parliament approved the draft agreement at the time by adopting implementing legislation (the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020) on 23 January 2020). Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom published and deposited the British Instrument of Ratification of the Agreement on 29 January 2020. [7] [8] The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, and on that date the Withdrawal Agreement under Article 185 entered into force. The first extension lasted until April 12, 2019, another until October 31, 2019. Provisions on bilateral cooperation in the fields of citizens` rights, certain products, the environment, police and customs, as well as a bilateral agreement on taxation and the protection of financial interests. Under Article 50, following notification by a Member State of its intention to leave the EU, a two-year waiting period (renewable by mutual agreement) begins during which the withdrawing State and the other Member States negotiate an agreement on the conditions for withdrawal. The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms negotiated between the UK and the EU27 between June 2017 and October 2019 after the UK announced its intention to withdraw from the EU`s political institutions on 29 March 2017.

As explained in the European Commission`s Guidelines on the Withdrawal Agreement, this means that at the end of the transition period: during the implementation period, the General Data Protection Regulation (EU GDPR) continued to apply in the UK. This meant that organizations that were COMPLIANT WITH THE EU GDPR on the day of withdrawal did not need to take any further steps to remain compliant during the implementation period. This was confirmed in a statement from the Information Commissioner`s Office (ICO). A footnote to Article 129(1) of the Withdrawal Agreement provided that the EU would inform counterparties to its trade agreements that the UK should be treated as if it were still a member of the EU during the transition period. However, this was essentially a request to third countries to treat the United Kingdom as such and they were not obliged to do so. The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border regulations and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries[9] and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification.

The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required. On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202. [10] The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242[11] and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On the 22nd. In October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government took the first step in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to find the necessary support and announced his intention to call a general election. [12] On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement Act; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament gave its consent to the Withdrawal Agreement. .